specutils-package is intended to implement utilities and data structures to handle astronomical spectra.
The initial goal is to focus on electromagnetic spectra, but the end goal is to support spectra of any kind.
Most commonly, astronomical spectra are given in an array with one to three dimensions.
NDData-class is an ideal storage format for this data, as
it provides the possibility to store the array but also various forms of meta-data.
Transformation functions that map the pixel indices to physical meaningful coordinates
(in a one-dimensional case - e.g. Angstrom) are stored as metadata in a
wcs-keyword (WCS meaning World Coordinate System transform).
More information about Spectral WCS can be found here. The
flag-keyword is designed to hold pixel specific
meta information (i.e. sky arrays). The
mask-keyword is a special kind of flag that only carries boolean values and is used to
MaskedArrays out of NDData objects. Finally, the
meta-keyword is designed to hold general metadata in a dictionary-like
format. These metadata options comprise the most needed kinds of meta data.
The package is subdivided into multiple parts:
Definition of 1-, 2- and 3-D spectral containers including transformations from pixel coordinates to physical coordinates (World Coordinate System - WCS).
Currently, only 1-dimensionanal spectra are supported
World Coordinate System
Spectral Tools and Utilities